Master of Science Program in Medical Imaging

 

COURSE DESCRIPTION

Radiological Physics

Atomic and nuclear structure, x-ray, its discovery, production and properties; radioactivity, particles, electromagnetic radiation, interaction of photon with matters, interaction of neutron with matters, neutrons and their physical properties, attenuation, absorption, scattering, x-ray tubes and functions, phosphorescence, fluorescence, factors affecting image quality; principles of radiation dosimetry, exposure dose, absorbed dose, radiation dosemeters, the measurement of radiation, nuclear counting, counting statistics, nuclear medicine instrumentation, x-ray equipment, factors influencing diagnostic imaging, planning and design for radiation establishments, x-ray, radiation therapy, radiation safety, effects of radiation on living things and humans.

 

Radiation Safety

Radiation safety, types of radioactive decay, radionuclides, half life, average life, radiation detectors, biological effects of radiation on living things, radiation hazard, safe handling of radionuclides, radiation monitoring, rules and regulations concerning purchasing, transportation of radionuclides, opening package, radioactive waste disposal.

 

Health Physics

Properties of radiation/radioactive materials, radiation detectors, radiation dosimetry, interaction of radiation with matters, effects of radiation on living cells, principles of radiation protection, safe handing of radioactive materials, safe transport of radioactive materials, radioactive waste management, shielding calculations and radiation laboratory design, radiation emergency planning and procedures, nuclear laws such as Atomic Energy for Peace Act and other related laws related to the control of radiation/radioactive materials in Thailand.

 

Biomedical Instrumentation

Basic circuit theory, basic transducer principles, Op. Amps, signal processing, electrical safety, x-ray imaging, CT, ultrasound imaging, Doppler ultrasound & Color flows, MRI, PET.

 

Topo-radiographic Anatomy

General description of human anatomy with special emphasis on the interpretation on radiographic images; use of actual clinic x-ray films to demonstrate the normal and abnormal characteristics of the human anatomical system.

 

Diagnostic Imaging

Various diagnostic imaging, modalities, normal and abnormal imaging anatomy from various methods of investigation; factors affecting the image quality, causes of artifacts and solutions to the problems.

 

Introduction to Image Processing

Introduction to techniques of image enhancement, analysis and processing as applied to medical imaging; different aspects of image enhancement : image filtering, Fourier Analysis and image reconstruction as applied for CT, MRI, and Nuclear medicine.

 

Image Fusion and Picture Archive Computer Systems

Inter-modality and intra-modality image fusion and registration concepts; frames, markers, and fudicial markers used in various modalities; techniques in frame-based and frame-less fusion; applications of image fusion to surgical navigation system, endoscopy, and radio-surgery.

 

Medical Physics Seminar I

Review of and discussion on articles or research from journals in the field of diagnostic radiology, radiation oncology, nuclear medicine, computer, medical imaging and related topics.

 

Research

Scientific process of research, methodology, research design for various research questions, measurement and bias, principles of sample size determination, statistics, critical appraisal of literature and drafting of accurate methodological research proposal.

 

Medical Physics Seminar II

Review of and discussion on articles or research from journals the field of diagnostic radiology, radiation oncology, nuclear medicine, computer, medical imaging and related topics.

 

Clinical Practicum

Practice in diagnostic imaging about the clinical applications, quality assurance and quality control of imaging devices, the improvement of image quality, factors affecting image quality and the causes of image artifacts.

 

Physics of Diagnostic Radiological Imaging

Complete basic x-ray circuit, x-ray closed circuit television, vidicon camera tubes, recording the image intensifier image, the digital imaging and quality control; principles of computed tomography, ultrasound, mammography, magnetic resonance imaging, magnetic resonance spectroscopy and the quality assurance.

 

Non-Ionizing Radiation

Electromagnetic theory, wave emission from transmission lines, antennas, wave guide, cellular transmitter tower, hand-held telephones, microwave ovens, printed circuit board, signal spectra and spectrum analyzer, electromagnetic interference in electronics, and medical devices, bioeffects of electromagnetic interference, electromagenetic interference, instrumentation and measurements, principles of shielding design and electrostatic discharge.

 

Physics of MRI

Introduction of MRI image formation, gradient system, and RF Sequences T1, T2, and Proton density imaging MR angiography techniques, inversion recovery, fat suppression, and fast sequences, MRS and Functional Imaging.

 

Applications of Image Processing Techniques

Introduction to computer programming and image processing computer languages.

 

Radiation Biology

Theory of biological effects of radiation on living things, cellular radiation biology, molecular radiation biology, sensitivity of tissues, repair of radiation damage, factors modifying the biological effects of radiation.

 

Physics of Radiation Therapy

Measurement of exposure and absorbed dose, radiation therapy machines, energy absorption in biological media and radiobiological basis of radiation therapy; radiation fields within a patient, beam characteristics and modification dose distribution due to single and multiple fields, implant therapy and therapeutic use of particulate radiation; use of computer in planning to treat cancer.

 

Radiation Oncology

Principles and practice of radiation oncology, clinical background pertinent to the justification and understanding of the techniques of radiation therapy; treatment planning with Co-60 as well as high energy photon and electron beams; radiotherapy alone and in combination with surgery and chemotherapy.

 

Physics of Nuclear Medicine

Principles of nuclear medicine instrumentation and imaging devices; counting statistics, reconstruction theory, image quality improvement and quality control.

 

Biochemistry for Nuclear Medicine

Applications of biochemistry to understand the biological function of organs for nuclear medicine examination using liver as an example to study metabolic and biotransformation function of biomolecules and xenobiotics; kidney is used to explain the regulation of water, acid-base and electrolyte balances; brain and thyroid are used to study endocrine gland’s function.

 

Physiology for Nuclear Medicine

Physiology of organs and various systems in the body : autonomic nervous system, pulmonary system, hepatobiliary system, gastrointestinal system, endrocrinology system, cardiovascular system, and urology system with exphasis on the use of radionuclides to investigate the organ physiology qualitatively and quantitatively; use of nuclear medicine imaging to examine abnormalities and diseases.

 

Clinical Nuclear Medicine Imaging

Clinical application of radionuclide imaging and knowledge about the function of various organs in the diagnosis and treatment of the diseases of thyroid gland, liver, spleen, bones, brain, lungs and vascular system.